Moechian Controversy

   The church controversy over the second marriage of Constantine VI (q.v.) that pitted the independent Stoudios monastery against both church and state. The controversy was created when Constantine divorced his wife to marry his mistress Theodote in 795. This was considered adultery (moechia) by many in the church, especially by Theodore of Stoudios, Plato of Sakkoudion (qq.v.), and their followers, who were persecuted for opposing the marriage. Patriarch Tarasios (qq.v.), who had reluctantly agreed to the marriage, only reversed his support when Constantine VI was deposed and blinded in 797. The priest (Joseph) who had performed the second marriage was deposed, and Theodore and Plato reconciled with Tarasios. This would have ended the matter had not Nikephoros I (q.v.) called a synod of laymen and clerics in 806 to recognize the marriage. Priest Joseph was received back into the church, and the controversy resumed, with the monks of the Stoudios monastery again leading the opposition. Michael I (q.v.) reversed all this when he came to the throne in 811 by excommunicating Joseph and recalling the Stoudites from exile. This was a triumph for Theodore of Stoudios, who had long struggled to maintain both the independence and influence of the Stoudios monastery.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Theodore the Studite — Infobox Saint name=Theodore the Studite birth date=759 death date=826 feast day=11 November venerated in=Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastern Catholic Churches, Roman Catholic Church imagesize=200px caption=St. Theodore of Studion: 11th century… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikephoros I —    1) Emperor (q.v.) from 802 811. A former chief finance minister (logothetes tou genikou) of Irene (q.v.), he took prudent steps to remedy deficiencies in tax collection and low state revenues. The tax rolls were reassessed and land taxes… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Theodote — (c. 780 after 797) was the second Empress consort of Constantine VI of the Byzantine Empire. FamilyTheodote was a member of a distinguished family of Constantinople. Her brother Sergios was mentioned as a hypatos. Their mother Anna was a sister… …   Wikipedia

  • Maria of Amnia — (c. 770 – after 823) was the first Empress consort of Constantine VI of the Byzantine Empire. Contents 1 Family 2 Empress 3 Children 4 External links …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine VI —    Emperor (q.v.) from 780 to 797, mostly in name only. The son of Leo IV and Irene (qq.v.), he was only 10 when Leo IV died suddenly in 780. Irene and her chief advisor Staurakios (q.v.) ran the affairs of state; her chief goal was to restore… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Michael I Rangabe —    Emperor (811 813) who succeeded Staurakios (q.v.). Michael I came under the influence of patriarch Nikephoros I (qq.v.) and, after the end of the Moechian controversy in 809, of Theodore of Stoudios (q.v.). Emperor Nikephoros I s (q.v.) former …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Plato of Sakkoudion —    See Moechian Controversy; Olympos, Mount …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Tarasios —    Patriarch of Constantinople (qq.v.) from 784 806. He was secretary (asekretis [q.v.]) to Irene (q.v.) when she appointed him patriarch. He presided over the Seventh Ecumenical Council at Nicaea (q.v.) in 787, which condemned Iconoclasm (q.v.) …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Theodore of Stoudios —    Theologian; anti Iconoclast leader during the reign of Leo V (q.v.); monastic reformer; saint. In 795, when he was a monk in Bithynia, Constantine VI (qq.v.) banished him for a year for his opposition to the emperor s (q.v.) adulterous… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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